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Salk researchers successfully deliver protein across the blood-brain barrier

La Jolla, CA – Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have overcome a long-standing problem in biology by equipping a protein with a small homing device, allowing it to slip behind the blood-brain barrier. Circumventing this barrier – specifically designed to keep substances out of the brain – is a crucial step for the delivery of drugs to the central nervous system (CNS).

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Newborn neurons like to hang with the in-crowd

La Jolla, CA – Like any new kid on the block that tries to fit in, newborn brain cells need to find their place within the existing network of neurons. The newcomers jump right into the fray and preferentially reach out to mature brain cells that are already well connected within the established circuitry, report scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience.

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Board of Trustees for the Salk Institute Appoints EVP/COO

La Jolla, CA – The Salk Institute for Biological Studies today announced the appointment of Dr. Marsha A. Chandler to the new position of Executive Vice President/Chief Operating Officer. The Salk Board of Trustees unanimously approved the appointment at its meeting in New York City on April 26.

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Salk researchers discover first gene that specifically links calorie restriction to longevity

La Jolla, CA – In studies going back to the 1930's, mice and many other species subsisting on a severely calorie-restricted diet have consistently outlived their well-fed peers by as much as 40 percent. But just how a diet verging on the brink of starvation extends lifespan has remained elusive.

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Salk scientist Ursula Bellugi elected to National Academy of Sciences

La Jolla, CA – Salk Institute professor Ursula Bellugi, who pioneered the study of the biological foundation of language, has been elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences. The Academy made the announcement today during its 144th annual meeting in Washington, DC. Election to the Academy recognizes distinguished and continuing achievements in original research, and is considered one of the highest honors accorded a U.S. scientist.

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Salk scientists hammer out a pathway that promotes muscle cell survival in mice

La Jolla, CA – Scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified an enzyme that pumps up a cell's ability to maintain healthy muscle and restores normal muscle function in genetically engineered mice with weak muscles. The study, published online in Nature Medicine, is the first to explore the part this enzyme plays in a cascade of events triggered by exercise-induced hormones and other signals.

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Salk Scientist Ronald M. Evans Receives America's Top Prize in Medicine

La Jolla, CA – Ronald M. Evans, Ph.D., Professor in the Salk Institute's Gene Expression Laboratory and a Howard Hughes Medical Investigator, has been named a recipient of the 2007 Albany Medical Center Prize in Medicine and Biomedical Research – America's top prize in medicine.

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Motile Cilia go with the flow

La Jolla, CA – Cilia, tiny hair-like structures that propel mucus out of airways, have to agree on the direction of the fluid flow to get things moving. Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies discovered a novel two-step mechanism that ensures that all cilia beat in unison.

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All roads lead to GUN1

La Jolla, CA – Scientists have identified three different signals that indicate damage to chloroplasts – the photosynthetic factories of plant cells that give plants their green color – but little is known about how the signal gets passed on to the nucleus. Scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies made a big step towards explaining how chloroplasts let a cell's nucleus know when things start to go wrong at the periphery so nuclear gene expression can be adjusted accordingly.

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Associative memory: Learning at all levels

La Jolla, CA – "Green" means "go," but what does "red" mean? Just about everybody says "stop" since we all have learned to imbue certain colors with meaning (or we would be road kill by now). Long thought to be limited to higher levels of information processing, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies successfully traced this type of associative learning to early stages of the visual processing pathway.

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